Top 10 common medicines in Chinese families

We are likely to encounter physical discomfort in daily life, so it is necessary to keep medicines at home. You can take medicine at home if it is only a minor illness or pain. If you encounter severe physical discomfort, you are recommended to go to the hospital directly. The following are the top ten medicines in China’s family medicines. Let’s take a look at this list:

1、GanMaoLingKeLi(999) 感冒灵颗粒(999)

  • English name: GanMaoLingKeLi(999)
  • Classification: OTC (Class A)
  • Functions: Antipyretic and analgesic. For headache, fever, and nasal congestion caused by cold. Runny nose, sore throat, etc.
  • Usage and dosage: Take it with boiled water. 10g (1 bag) once, 3 times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: 1. Avoid smoking, alcohol, and spicy, raw, cold, and greasy food. 2. It is not advisable to take tonic Chinese patent medicine at the same time. 3. This product contains paracetamol, chlorpheniramine maleate, and caffeine. Do not drink alcohol or alcoholic beverages while taking this product; Do not take other anti-cold drugs with similar ingredients at the same time; Use with caution in patients with liver and kidney dysfunction; patients with bladder neck obstruction, hyperthyroidism, glaucoma, hypertension, and prostate hypertrophy should be cautious; Pregnant women and lactating women should use with caution; During the period of taking medicine, it is not allowed to drive a machine, vehicle or ship, engage in high-altitude operations, mechanical operations and operate precision instruments. 4. People with spleen and stomach deficiency and cold, abdominal pain, warmth, and diarrhea should be cautious. 5. Patients with diabetes and those with serious chronic diseases such as heart disease should take it under the guidance of doctors.
GanMaoLingKeLi(999)
GanMaoLingKeLi(999)

2、Ibuprofen 布洛芬

  • English name: Ibuprofen
  • Classification: OTC (Class A)
  • Functions: It has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, and antipyretic effects and is applicable to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and neuritis.
  • Usage and dosage: Common dosage for adults: oral administration: ① anti rheumatism, 0.4g~0.6g once, 3-4 times a day, rheumatoid arthritis dosage is higher than osteoarthritis dosage. ② Pain relief for mild or moderate pain and dysmenorrhea, 0.2-0.4g once every 4-6 hours. The maximum dosage for adults is generally 2.4 g per day. 2. Common dosage for children: 5 ~ 10mg/kg, three times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: 1 Cross allergy: people who are allergic to aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may have cross-allergic reactions to this product. It can also cause bronchospasm in patients with asthma who are allergic to aspirin. For women in late pregnancy, it can prolong the pregnancy period, and cause dystocia and a prolonged labor process. Not suitable for pregnant and lactating women. 3 It is forbidden to use aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with severe allergic reactions. The following cases should be used with caution: 3.1 Asthma can be aggravated after medication; 3.2 Cardiac insufficiencies and hypertension may cause water retention and edema after medication; 3.3 Hemophilia or other bleeding diseases (including coagulation disorder and abnormal platelet function), the bleeding time is prolonged and the bleeding tendency is aggravated after medication; 3.4 People with a history of gastrointestinal ulcer are prone to gastrointestinal side effects when using this product, including new ulcers; 3.5 In patients with renal insufficiency, adverse renal reactions increased after medication, even leading to renal failure. Patients with potential peptic ulcers should use this medicine with caution. The risk of anaphylaxis in patients with peripheral lupus erythematosus is much higher than that in patients with rheumatoid diseases.
Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen

3、JiZhiTangJiang 急支糖浆

  • English name: JiZhiTangJiang
  • Classification: OTC (Class A)
  • Functions: It can clear away heat and phlegm, promote the lungs and stop coughing. It is used for cough caused by exogenous wind heat. Symptoms include fever, aversion to cold, stuffy chest and diaphragm, cough, and sore throat; Acute bronchitis and acute attack of chronic bronchitis refer to the above symptoms.
  • Usage and dosage: Oral. 20-30ml once, 3-4 times a day; Children: 5ml once within 1 year old, 7ml once between 1 and 3 years old, 10ml once between 3 and 7 years old, 15ml once above 7 years old, 3-4 times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: 1 No smoking, alcohol, spicy, cold, and greasy food. 2 It is not advisable to take nourishing Chinese medicine at the same time. 3 Patients with bronchiectasis, lung abscess, pulmonary heart disease, and pulmonary tuberculosis should go to the hospital when they cough. 4. Patients with hypertension and heart disease should use it with caution. Patients with diabetes and those with serious chronic diseases such as liver disease and kidney disease should take them under the guidance of doctors. 5 Children, pregnant women, lactating women and the elderly and infirm should take it under the guidance of doctors. 6 During the medication period, if the patient has a fever and temperature exceeding 38.5 ℃, has asthma, or has an aggravating cough and a significant increase in sputum, he should go to the hospital for treatment. 7 If the symptoms are not relieved after taking the medicine for 3 days, you should go to the hospital. 8 It is forbidden to use this product for those allergic to it and should be used with caution for those allergic to it. 9 It is prohibited to use this product when its properties change.
JiZhiTangJiang
JiZhiTangJiang

4、Glycerol Enema 开塞露

  • English name: Glycerol Enema
  • Classification: OTC (Class B)
  • Functions: It is used for the treatment of constipation in children and the elderly and infirm.
  • Usage and dosage: Puncture or cut the top of the container, apply a little oil, slowly insert it into the anus, and then squeeze the liquid medicine into the rectum, one for each child.
  • Matters needing attention: Please keep this product away from children.
Glycerol Enema
Glycerol Enema

5、BaoJiWan 保济丸

  • English name: BaoJiWan
  • Classification: OTC (Class A)
  • Functions: Deconstruct exterior, dispel dampness, and neutralize. It is used for the hot damp cold with symptoms of fever, headache, abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, and gastrointestinal discomfort; It can also be used for carsickness and seasickness.
  • Usage and dosage: Oral. 1.85-3.7 g once, three times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: Avoid smoking, alcohol and spicy, raw and cold, and greasy food. 2. It is not advisable to take tonic Chinese medicine at the same time during the medication. 3. It should not be taken by people with exogenous dryness and heat. 4. Patients with serious chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, liver disease, diabetes, and kidney disease should take the medicine under the guidance of doctors. 5. Children, pregnant women, lactating women, and the elderly and infirm should take it under the guidance of doctors. 6. Patients with a fever and body temperature exceeding 38.5 ℃ should go to the hospital. 7. Those with severe vomiting and diarrhea should go to the hospital in time. 8. If the symptoms are not relieved after taking the medicine for 3 days, you should go to the hospital. 9. It is forbidden for those allergic to this product. Those with an allergic constitution should use it with caution. 10. It is forbidden to use this product when its properties change. 11. Children must be used under adult supervision. 12. Please keep this product away from children. 13. If you are using other drugs, please consult a doctor or pharmacist before using this product. 14. Athletes should use it with caution.
BaoJiWan
BaoJiWan

6、Jianweixiaoshi tablets 健胃消食片

  • English name: Jianweixiaoshi tablets
  • Classification: OTC (Class B)
  • Functions: It is good for the stomach and digestion. It is used for food accumulation caused by weakness of the spleen and stomach. The symptoms include not thinking about food, belching, sour smell, and abdominal distension; Dyspepsia refers to the above syndromes.
  • Usage and dosage: Oral. It can be chewed. 3 tablets for adults, 3 times a day, for children.
  • Matters needing attention: The diet should be light, avoid alcohol and spicy, raw and cold, and greasy food. 2. Patients with serious chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, liver disease, diabetes and kidney disease should take the medicine under the guidance of doctors. 3. Children, pregnant women, lactating women and the elderly and infirm should take it under the guidance of doctors. 4. If the symptoms are not relieved after taking the medicine for 3 days, you should go to the hospital. 5. It is forbidden for those allergic to this product. Those with an allergic constitution should use it with caution. 6. It is forbidden to use this product when its properties change. 7. Children must be used under adult supervision. 8. Please keep this product out of the reach of children. 9. If you are using other drugs, please consult a doctor or pharmacist before using this product.
Jianweixiaoshi tablets
Jianweixiaoshi tablets

7、Loratadine 氯雷他定

  • English name: Loratadine
  • Classification: Prescription drugs
  • Functions: It is suitable for relieving symptoms related to allergic rhinitides, such as sneezing, runny nose, nasal itching, eye itching, and burning sensation. After oral administration, the symptoms and signs of nose and eyes were relieved rapidly. This product is also suitable for relieving the symptoms and signs of chronic urticaria and other allergic skin diseases.
  • Usage and dosage: Take it on an empty stomach, 10mg for adults and children over 12 years old, once a day.
  • Matters needing attention: It is forbidden for patients with allergies or special constitution.
Loratadine
Loratadine

8、Domperidone 吗丁啉

  • English name: Domperidone
  • Classification: OTC (Class A)
  • Functions: For indigestion, abdominal distension, belching, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.
  • Usage and dosage: Take orally, one tablet for adults, three times a day, 15-30 minutes before meals.
  • Matters needing attention: 1. Pregnant women should be careful to use this product. Breastfeeding should be stopped for lactating women when using this product. 2. Children are recommended to use domperidone suspension. 3. Patients with heart disease (arrhythmias) and tumor patients receiving chemotherapy should be cautious when applying, which may aggravate the arrhythmia. 4. In case of an overdose or serious adverse reaction, seek medical advice immediately. 5. It is forbidden for those allergic to this product. Those with an allergic constitution should use it with caution. 6. It is forbidden to use this product when its properties change. 7. Please keep this product out of the reach of children. 8. If you are using other drugs, please consult a doctor or pharmacist before using this product.
Domperidone
Domperidone

9、Niuhuangjiedu tablets 牛黄解毒片

  • English name: Niuhuangjiedu tablets
  • Classification: Prescription drugs
  • Functions: Clearing away heat and toxic material. It is used for heat, sore throat, swollen gums, sore mouth and tongue, and red eyes.
  • Usage and dosage: Oral. 3 tablets a time, 2-3 times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: Not for pregnant women.
Niuhuangjiedu tablets
Niuhuangjiedu tablets

10、Banlangen granule 板蓝根颗粒

  • English name: Banlangen granule
  • Classification: OTC (Class B)
  • Functions: It can clear heat and detoxify cool blood, and promote the pharynx. For sore throat and dry mouth and pharynx caused by excessive lung and stomach heat; Acute tonsillitis with the above syndromes.
  • Usage and dosage: Take it with boiling water. 5-10g once, 3-4 times a day.
  • Matters needing attention: Avoid smoking, drinking, and spicy and fishy food; 2. It is not suitable to take tonic Chinese medicine at the same time during the medication period; 3. Patients with diabetes and those with serious chronic diseases such as hypertension, heart disease, liver disease, and kidney disease should take it under the guidance of doctors; 4. Children, pregnant women, lactating women, the elderly and weak, and those with spleen deficiency and loose stools should take it under the guidance of a doctor; 5. Patients with purulent tonsils or fever whose temperature exceeds 38.5 ℃ should go to the hospital; 6. If the symptoms are not relieved after taking the medicine for 3 days, you should go to the hospital; 7. It is forbidden for those allergic to this product and should be used with caution for those with an allergic constitution; 8. It is prohibited to use this product when its properties change; 9. Children must be used under adult supervision; 10. Please keep this product out of the reach of children.
Banlangen granule
Banlangen granule

The editor reminds us that it is better not to throw away the instructions for drugs, but to keep them. When it is necessary to use them, inquire about the use, dosage, precautions, etc. Frequently check the date of drugs and timely clean up expired medications; It shall be noted that the drugs shall be properly stored after being opened and shall be used in a timely manner within the effective date, so as not to reduce the drug property.

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